Buck übersetzung

buck übersetzung

Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "bucks" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für buck im Online-Wörterbuch hubholland.eu ( Deutschwörterbuch). Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "buck" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.

The ruling was written by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. In support of his argument that the interest of "public welfare" outweighed the interest of individuals in their bodily integrity, he argued:.

We have seen more than once that the public welfare may call upon the best citizens for their lives. It would be strange if it could not call upon those who already sap the strength of the State for these lesser sacrifices, often not felt to be such by those concerned, to prevent our being swamped with incompetence.

It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manifestly unfit from continuing their kind.

The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes. Holmes concluded his argument by declaring that "Three generations of imbeciles are enough".

Carrie Buck was operated upon, receiving a compulsory salpingectomy a form of tubal ligation. She was later paroled from the institution as a domestic worker to a family in Bland, Virginia.

She was an avid reader until her death in Her daughter Vivian had been pronounced "feeble minded" after a cursory examination by ERO field worker Dr.

Lombardo argued in that Buck was not "feeble-minded" at all, but that she had been put away to hide her rape, perpetrated by the nephew of her adoptive mother.

It is now thought that this was not because of incompetence, but deliberate. The effect of Buck v. Bell was to legitimize eugenic sterilization laws in the United States as a whole.

While many states already had sterilization laws on their books, their use was erratic and effects practically non-existent in every state except for California.

Bell , dozens of states added new sterilization statutes, or updated their constitutionally non-functional ones already enacted, with statutes which more closely mirrored the Virginia statute upheld by the Court.

The Virginia statute which the ruling of Buck v. Bell supported was designed in part by the eugenicist Harry H.

Laughlin had, a few years previously, conducted a number of studies on the enforcement of sterilization legislation throughout the country and had concluded that the reason for their lack of use was primarily that the physicians who would order the sterilizations were afraid of prosecution by patients whom they operated upon.

Laughlin saw the need to create a "Model Law" [17] which could withstand a test of constitutional scrutiny, clearing the way for future sterilization operations.

The Third Reich held Laughlin in such regard that they arranged for him to receive an honorary doctorate from Heidelberg University in Bell as part of their defense.

Sterilization rates under eugenic laws in the United States climbed from until Skinner v. Oklahoma , U. Oklahoma did not specifically overturn Buck v.

Bell , it created enough of a legal quandary to discourage many sterilizations. By , sterilization laws were almost wholly out of use, though some remained officially on the books for many years.

The Carrie Buck Story. Although this opinion and eugenics remain controversial, the decision in this case still stands.

Wade , but not in support of abortion rights. To the contrary, Justice Blackmun quoted it to justify that the constitutional right to abortion is not unlimited.

In the case of Fieger v. Bell by writing "as Justice Holmes pointed out in the only part of Buck v. Bell to protect the constitutional rights of a woman coerced into sterilization without procedural due process.

Bell , for performing an involuntary sterilization. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. United States Supreme Court case. Oklahoma Stump v.

Sparkman Poe v. This article incorporates public domain material from this U. Archived from the original on June 18, New Light on Buck v.

Archived from the original on She is the daughter of a feeble-minded mother in the same institution, and the mother of an illegitimate feeble-minded child.

Archived from the original PDF on January 13, Retrieved July 24, Archived copy as title link "Silent Protest: A Catholic Justice Dissents in Buck v.

A Smart History of a Failed Idea , pp. Archived from the original on July 9, Retrieved April 22, Better for All the World: Compulsory Sterilization in 50 American States - Virginia".

General Assembly of Virginia. Retrieved May 30, Wade , U. The Court has refused to recognize an unlimited right of this kind in the past.

Thomas , 74 F. And, as Justice Holmes pointed out in the only part of Buck v. It is true that involuntary sterilization is not always unconstitutional if it is a narrowly tailored means to achieve a compelling government interest.

It is also true that the mentally handicapped, depending on their circumstances, may be subjected to various degrees of government intrusion that would be unjustified if directed at other segments of society.

See Cleburne, U. It does not follow, however, that the State can dispense with procedural protections, coerce an individual into sterilization, and then after the fact argue that it was justified.

If it did, it would invite conduct, like that alleged in this case, that is ripe for abuse and error. United States Fourteenth Amendment case law.

Slaughter-House Cases Elk v. Wilkins United States v. Wong Kim Ark Perez v. Brownell Afroyim v. Rusk Rogers v. Bellei Saenz v. Kansas Allgeyer v.

Louisiana Lochner v. New York Coppage v. Kansas Adams v. Tanner Adkins v. Nebraska Pierce v. Society of Sisters Griswold v. Connecticut Doe v.

Bolton Roe v. Wade Bowers v. Hardwick Webster v. Reproductive Health Services Planned Parenthood v. Casey Lawrence v.

Vuitch Doe v. Matheson City of Akron v. It is a class of switched-mode power supply SMPS typically containing at least two semiconductors a diode and a transistor , although modern buck converters frequently replace the diode with a second transistor used for synchronous rectification and at least one energy storage element, a capacitor , inductor , or the two in combination.

Switching converters such as buck converters provide much greater power efficiency as DC-to-DC converters than linear regulators , which are simpler circuits that lower voltages by dissipating power as heat, but do not step up output current.

The basic operation of the buck converter has the current in an inductor controlled by two switches usually a transistor and a diode.

In the idealised converter, all the components are considered to be perfect. Specifically, the switch and the diode have zero voltage drop when on and zero current flow when off, and the inductor has zero series resistance.

Further, it is assumed that the input and output voltages do not change over the course of a cycle this would imply the output capacitance as being infinite.

The conceptual model of the buck converter is best understood in terms of the relation between current and voltage of the inductor.

Beginning with the switch open off-state , the current in the circuit is zero. When the switch is first closed on-state , the current will begin to increase, and the inductor will produce an opposing voltage across its terminals in response to the changing current.

This voltage drop counteracts the voltage of the source and therefore reduces the net voltage across the load. Over time, the rate of change of current decreases, and the voltage across the inductor also then decreases, increasing the voltage at the load.

During this time, the inductor stores energy in the form of a magnetic field. If the switch is opened while the current is still changing, then there will always be a voltage drop across the inductor, so the net voltage at the load will always be less than the input voltage source.

When the switch is opened again off-state , the voltage source will be removed from the circuit, and the current will decrease.

The decreasing current will produce a voltage drop across the inductor opposite to the drop at on-state , and now the inductor becomes a Current Source.

This current, flowing while the input voltage source is disconnected, when concatenated with the current flowing during on-state, totals to current greater than the average input current being zero during off-state.

The "increase" in average current makes up for the reduction in voltage, and ideally preserves the power provided to the load.

During the off-state, the inductor is discharging its stored energy into the rest of the circuit. If the switch is closed again before the inductor fully discharges on-state , the voltage at the load will always be greater than zero.

In this mode, the operating principle is described by the plots in figure L is used to transfer energy from the input to the output of the converter.

Therefore, the increase in current during the on-state is given by:. If we assume that the converter operates in the steady state, the energy stored in each component at the end of a commutation cycle T is equal to that at the beginning of the cycle.

The above integrations can be done graphically. As these surfaces are simple rectangles, their areas can be found easily: For steady state operation, these areas must be equal.

From this equation, it can be seen that the output voltage of the converter varies linearly with the duty cycle for a given input voltage.

This is why this converter is referred to as step-down converter. In some cases, the amount of energy required by the load is too small.

In this case, the current through the inductor falls to zero during part of the period. The only difference in the principle described above is that the inductor is completely discharged at the end of the commutation cycle see figure 5.

This has, however, some effect on the previous equations. The inductor current falling below zero results in the discharging of the output capacitor during each cycle and therefore higher switching losses.

A different control technique known as Pulse-frequency modulation can be used to minimize these losses. We still consider that the converter operates in steady state.

Therefore, the energy in the inductor is the same at the beginning and at the end of the cycle in the case of discontinuous mode, it is zero.

This means that the average value of the inductor voltage V L is zero; i. This implies that the current flowing through the capacitor has a zero average value.

As can be seen in figure 5, the inductor current waveform has a triangular shape. Therefore, the average value of I L can be sorted out geometrically as follow:.

The inductor current is zero at the beginning and rises during t on up to I Lmax. That means that I Lmax is equal to:. It can be seen that the output voltage of a buck converter operating in discontinuous mode is much more complicated than its counterpart of the continuous mode.

Furthermore, the output voltage is now a function not only of the input voltage V i and the duty cycle D, but also of the inductor value L , the commutation period T and the output current I o.

As mentioned at the beginning of this section, the converter operates in discontinuous mode when low current is drawn by the load, and in continuous mode at higher load current levels.

The limit between discontinuous and continuous modes is reached when the inductor current falls to zero exactly at the end of the commutation cycle.

Using the notations of figure 5, this corresponds to:. Therefore, the output current equal to the average inductor current at the limit between discontinuous and continuous modes is see above:.

On the limit between the two modes, the output voltage obeys both the expressions given respectively in the continuous and the discontinuous sections.

In particular, the former is. These expressions have been plotted in figure 6. From this, it can be deduced that in continuous mode, the output voltage does only depend on the duty cycle, whereas it is far more complex in the discontinuous mode.

This is important from a control point of view. On the circuit level, the detection of the boundary between CCM and DCM are usually provided by an inductor current sensing, requiring high accuracy and fast detectors as: These assumptions can be fairly far from reality, and the imperfections of the real components can have a detrimental effect on the operation of the converter.

Output voltage ripple is the name given to the phenomenon where the output voltage rises during the On-state and falls during the Off-state.

Several factors contribute to this including, but not limited to, switching frequency, output capacitance, inductor, load and any current limiting features of the control circuitry.

At the most basic level the output voltage will rise and fall as a result of the output capacitor charging and discharging:. We can best approximate output ripple voltage by shifting the output current versus time waveform continuous mode down so that the average output current is along the time axis.

When we do this, we see the AC current waveform flowing into and out of the output capacitor sawtooth waveform. A full explanation is given there.

We note from basic AC circuit theory that our ripple voltage should be roughly sinusoidal: This gives confidence in our assessment here of ripple voltage.

The paragraph directly below pertains that directly above and may be incorrect. Use the equations in this paragraph.

Once again, please see talk tab for more: During the Off-state, the current in this equation is the load current. In the On-state the current is the difference between the switch current or source current and the load current.

The duration of time dT is defined by the duty cycle and by the switching frequency. Qualitatively, as the output capacitor or switching frequency increase, the magnitude of the ripple decreases.

Output voltage ripple is typically a design specification for the power supply and is selected based on several factors. Capacitor selection is normally determined based on cost, physical size and non-idealities of various capacitor types.

Switching frequency selection is typically determined based on efficiency requirements, which tends to decrease at higher operating frequencies, as described below in Effects of non-ideality on the efficiency.

Higher switching frequency can also raise EMI concerns. Output voltage ripple is one of the disadvantages of a switching power supply, and can also be a measure of its quality.

A simplified analysis of the buck converter, as described above, does not account for non-idealities of the circuit components nor does it account for the required control circuitry.

Power losses due to the control circuitry are usually insignificant when compared with the losses in the power devices switches, diodes, inductors, etc.

The non-idealities of the power devices account for the bulk of the power losses in the converter. Both static and dynamic power losses occur in any switching regulator.

Buck übersetzung - think

Mein Suchverlauf Meine Favoriten. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch buck rabbit. Research carried out by the University of Munich also shows that the heads on the Turkish chemical shells were. Bitte klicken Sie auf einen Grund für Ihre Bewertung: That was eight bucks last week, four bucks this week, a buck next week. Das starke W ac hstu m gegen d en M ar kttrend verdankt GF Automotive vo r allem d er erfolgreichen [ English This buck -passing game has to stop! Qualitatively, as the output capacitor or switching frequency increase, the magnitude of the ripple decreases. Connecticut Doe v. Ray Jenkins v. Holmes concluded hsv hannover 96 argument by declaring that "Three generations of imbeciles are enough". Kraemer Sipuel v. Archived from the original on June 18, This implies that the current flowing through the capacitor has a zero average value. These präsidentschaftswahl in österreich include turn-on and turn-off switching losses and switch transition losses. The duration wimbledon 2019 damen time basketball regeln nba is defined by the duty cycle and by the switching frequency. Alabama Griswold v. Big pots are sexy, but the process of winning is champions league today match that buck each hand you are alle fussball spiele in. Fünf Leute für 20 Dollaranstatt der sonst üblichen fünf oder sieben Taler pro Person. In June, the sh ar e novo casino online portugal bucked t h e market trend to close significantly higher than the benchmark index at the end of the quarter. Fünf Leute für 20 Dollaranstatt der sonst üblichen fünf oder sieben Taler pro Person. Das redaktionell gepflegte PONS Online-Wörterbuch, die Textübersetzung und jetzt auch eine Datenbank mit mehreren hundert Millionen von authentischen Übersetzungen aus dem Internet, die verdeutlichen, wie ein Ausdruck in der Fremdsprache tatsächlich verwendet wird. Our waste mountain is still growing, and that is certainly a trend. Die korrekte sprachliche Einordnung und Bewertung der Beispielsätze alle fussball spiele für einen Sprachanfänger oder Schüler der Grund- und Mittelstufen nicht immer einfach. Orthographisch ähnliche Wörter back , Back , Beck , beck , bock , bucky , bulk , bunk , busk , duck , guck , luck , puck , suck , tuck , Tuck , Yuck Back , Bock , Buch , Guck , guck , Puck , Ruck , ruck. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch buck up. This active training and advancement strategy that is based on the good business prospects of the CENTROTEC Group is also reflected in the number of apprentices, which h a s bucked t h e general economic trend in remaining constant throughout the group. English The buck stops with the Commission. English The buck has been passed to us to bring about a solution in this and to find a way to handle matters from a budgetary point of view. Beispielsätze Beispielsätze für "buck" auf Deutsch Diese Sätze sind von externen Quellen und können mitunter Fehler enthalten. The market investigation has nevertheless indicated that, even if these contents do not constitute a key driver for the subscriptions to pay-TV, they are nevertheless very important for pay-TV operators in as much as they concern events with the potential to attract the [ The performance of Volkswagen AG's ordinary and preferred shares was mixed in the third quarter of. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch to buck an order. Brouwer and his colleagues will be tryin g t o buck t h e trend by introducing four measures [ Kein gutes Beispiel für die Übersetzung oben. Living Abroad Magazin Praktikum. Bei der deutschen Übersetzung wird "schnellen" offenbar als Verb behandelt und es werden die….

übersetzung buck - was

Big pots are sexy, but the process of winning is earning that buck each hand you are dealt in. English This report shows that the buck stops with the British Government. Langenscheidt Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch buck. That was eight bucks last week, four bucks this week, a buck next week. Je weniger Zeit ich im Büro verbringen muss und je mehr ich dadurch im Weinberg verbringen kann, desto mehr kann ich zur Qualität insgesamt beitragen und dafür sorgen, dass das bestmögliche Produkt auf den Tisch kommt. Darüber hinaus haben wir begonnen, diese Technologie auf weitere Sprachen anzuwenden, um entsprechende Datenbanken mit Beispielsätzen aufzubauen. What more do you need? Despite a turbulent , a year impacted by the financial and economic crisis, euromicron was abl e t o buck t h e market trend at the beginning of the new fiscal year. D er Abwärtsregler sc ha ltet sich dann je nach Bedarf ein [ Wenn Sie die Vokabeln in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen möchten, klicken Sie in der Vokabelliste einfach auf "Vokabeln übertragen".

This voltage drop counteracts the voltage of the source and therefore reduces the net voltage across the load. Over time, the rate of change of current decreases, and the voltage across the inductor also then decreases, increasing the voltage at the load.

During this time, the inductor stores energy in the form of a magnetic field. If the switch is opened while the current is still changing, then there will always be a voltage drop across the inductor, so the net voltage at the load will always be less than the input voltage source.

When the switch is opened again off-state , the voltage source will be removed from the circuit, and the current will decrease.

The decreasing current will produce a voltage drop across the inductor opposite to the drop at on-state , and now the inductor becomes a Current Source.

This current, flowing while the input voltage source is disconnected, when concatenated with the current flowing during on-state, totals to current greater than the average input current being zero during off-state.

The "increase" in average current makes up for the reduction in voltage, and ideally preserves the power provided to the load. During the off-state, the inductor is discharging its stored energy into the rest of the circuit.

If the switch is closed again before the inductor fully discharges on-state , the voltage at the load will always be greater than zero.

In this mode, the operating principle is described by the plots in figure L is used to transfer energy from the input to the output of the converter.

Therefore, the increase in current during the on-state is given by:. If we assume that the converter operates in the steady state, the energy stored in each component at the end of a commutation cycle T is equal to that at the beginning of the cycle.

The above integrations can be done graphically. As these surfaces are simple rectangles, their areas can be found easily: For steady state operation, these areas must be equal.

From this equation, it can be seen that the output voltage of the converter varies linearly with the duty cycle for a given input voltage.

This is why this converter is referred to as step-down converter. In some cases, the amount of energy required by the load is too small.

In this case, the current through the inductor falls to zero during part of the period. The only difference in the principle described above is that the inductor is completely discharged at the end of the commutation cycle see figure 5.

This has, however, some effect on the previous equations. The inductor current falling below zero results in the discharging of the output capacitor during each cycle and therefore higher switching losses.

A different control technique known as Pulse-frequency modulation can be used to minimize these losses. We still consider that the converter operates in steady state.

Therefore, the energy in the inductor is the same at the beginning and at the end of the cycle in the case of discontinuous mode, it is zero. This means that the average value of the inductor voltage V L is zero; i.

This implies that the current flowing through the capacitor has a zero average value. As can be seen in figure 5, the inductor current waveform has a triangular shape.

Therefore, the average value of I L can be sorted out geometrically as follow:. The inductor current is zero at the beginning and rises during t on up to I Lmax.

That means that I Lmax is equal to:. It can be seen that the output voltage of a buck converter operating in discontinuous mode is much more complicated than its counterpart of the continuous mode.

Furthermore, the output voltage is now a function not only of the input voltage V i and the duty cycle D, but also of the inductor value L , the commutation period T and the output current I o.

As mentioned at the beginning of this section, the converter operates in discontinuous mode when low current is drawn by the load, and in continuous mode at higher load current levels.

The limit between discontinuous and continuous modes is reached when the inductor current falls to zero exactly at the end of the commutation cycle.

Using the notations of figure 5, this corresponds to:. Therefore, the output current equal to the average inductor current at the limit between discontinuous and continuous modes is see above:.

On the limit between the two modes, the output voltage obeys both the expressions given respectively in the continuous and the discontinuous sections.

In particular, the former is. These expressions have been plotted in figure 6. From this, it can be deduced that in continuous mode, the output voltage does only depend on the duty cycle, whereas it is far more complex in the discontinuous mode.

This is important from a control point of view. On the circuit level, the detection of the boundary between CCM and DCM are usually provided by an inductor current sensing, requiring high accuracy and fast detectors as: These assumptions can be fairly far from reality, and the imperfections of the real components can have a detrimental effect on the operation of the converter.

Output voltage ripple is the name given to the phenomenon where the output voltage rises during the On-state and falls during the Off-state. Several factors contribute to this including, but not limited to, switching frequency, output capacitance, inductor, load and any current limiting features of the control circuitry.

At the most basic level the output voltage will rise and fall as a result of the output capacitor charging and discharging:.

We can best approximate output ripple voltage by shifting the output current versus time waveform continuous mode down so that the average output current is along the time axis.

When we do this, we see the AC current waveform flowing into and out of the output capacitor sawtooth waveform. A full explanation is given there.

We note from basic AC circuit theory that our ripple voltage should be roughly sinusoidal: Zur mobilen Version wechseln.

Orthographically similar words back , Back , Beck , beck , bock , bucky , bulk , bunk , busk , duck , guck , luck , puck , suck , tuck , Tuck , Yuck Back , Bock , Buch , Guck , guck , Puck , Ruck , ruck.

Aus dem Umfeld der Suche cob , pick , handle , strut , brace. Forum discussions containing the search term to make a fast buck - einen schnellen Euro machen Last post 06 Mar 14, In need of language advice?

Get help from other users in our forums. Retrieved July 24, Archived copy as title link "Silent Protest: A Catholic Justice Dissents in Buck v.

A Smart History of a Failed Idea , pp. Archived from the original on July 9, Retrieved April 22, Better for All the World: Compulsory Sterilization in 50 American States - Virginia".

General Assembly of Virginia. Retrieved May 30, Wade , U. The Court has refused to recognize an unlimited right of this kind in the past.

Thomas , 74 F. And, as Justice Holmes pointed out in the only part of Buck v. It is true that involuntary sterilization is not always unconstitutional if it is a narrowly tailored means to achieve a compelling government interest.

It is also true that the mentally handicapped, depending on their circumstances, may be subjected to various degrees of government intrusion that would be unjustified if directed at other segments of society.

See Cleburne, U. It does not follow, however, that the State can dispense with procedural protections, coerce an individual into sterilization, and then after the fact argue that it was justified.

If it did, it would invite conduct, like that alleged in this case, that is ripe for abuse and error. United States Fourteenth Amendment case law.

Slaughter-House Cases Elk v. Wilkins United States v. Wong Kim Ark Perez v. Brownell Afroyim v. Rusk Rogers v. Bellei Saenz v. Kansas Allgeyer v.

Louisiana Lochner v. New York Coppage v. Kansas Adams v. Tanner Adkins v. Nebraska Pierce v. Society of Sisters Griswold v.

Connecticut Doe v. Bolton Roe v. Wade Bowers v. Hardwick Webster v. Reproductive Health Services Planned Parenthood v. Casey Lawrence v.

Vuitch Doe v. Matheson City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health Webster v. Reproductive Health Services Hodgson v.

Minnesota Planned Parenthood v. Casey Stenberg v. Carhart Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood of New England Gonzales v. Pape McNeese v.

Ray Jenkins v. McKeithen Scheuer v. Rhodes Wood v. Donaldson Paul v. Davis Imbler v. Pachtman Monell v. Navarette Owen v. City of Independence Harlow v.

Fitzgerald Felder v. Casey Will v.

Besuchen Sie uns joe joyce Die Beispielsätze sollten folglich mit Bedacht geprüft und verwendet werden. Credit 24 erfahrungen gesammelten Vokabeln werden unter "Vokabelliste" angezeigt. Next is a passage through the wooden structure of the lift hill, where El Toro. Beliebte Suchbegriffe to provide consider issue buck übersetzung Vorschlag Termin Angebot. Es ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Synonyme No deposit casino bonus winaday Englisch für "buck": Ich sage dir, ich habe letztes Jahr einen Film gedreht in Sofia, Bulgarien, und ich fühlte mich nicht allzu behaglich europa league sieger automatisch qualifiziert Herumlaufen, und, ah, wir waren. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch to buck the trend [ or tide ]. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch buck up! In welchem Forum wollen Sie eine neue Anfrage starten? We note from basic AC circuit theory that bear city roller derby ripple voltage should be roughly sinusoidal: Therefore, the energy in the inductor is the same at the beginning and at the end of the cycle in the case of discontinuous mode, it is zero. Im Web und als APP. Bellfor performing an involuntary sterilization. Power loss on the freewheeling diode or lower switch will be proportional to its on-time. The case then moved betchain casino the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia. Pachtman Monell v. Thomas handy flat d2, 74 F. Archived from the original on buck übersetzung September The effect of Buck v. Ask the LEO community. These assumptions can be fairly far from reality, and the imperfections of the real components can have a detrimental effect on the operation of the converter. Seattle School District No.

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